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Table 1 Important PPM construction algorithms

From: Scalable prediction by partial match (PPM) and its application to route prediction

  Complexity Parallel Probabilistic
Bernstein and Kornhauser (1996) O(n2) No Yes
PPM-A (Cleary and Witten 1984) O(n2) No Yes
PPM-B (Cleary and Witten 1984) O(n2) No Yes
PPM-C (Moffat 1990) O(n2) No Yes
PPM-D (Moffat 1990) O(n2) No Yes
Cleary and Witten (1995) O(n2) No Yes
Teahan (1995) O(n2) No Yes
Joel and Sirota (2012) O(n2) No Yes
Effros (2000) O(n2) No Yes
PPM* (Hiroyuki et al. 2005) O(n2) No Yes
Celikel (2005) O(n2) No Yes
Proposed PPM O(n2) Yes Yes